Fasting Hours and Iftar Times Around the World will be observed :Ramadan 2024

The commencement of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan will occur either on Monday, March 11th or Tuesday, March 12th, contingent upon the sighting of the new moon.

The duration of the dawn-to-dusk fast ranges from 12 to 17 hours, varying according to geographical location.

Muslims hold the belief that Ramadan marks the month in which the initial verses of the holy book Quran were disclosed to Prophet Muhammad over 1,400 years ago.

During daylight hours, Muslims abstain from eating, drinking, smoking, and engaging in sexual relations as part of the fast, aiming to attain a heightened sense of “taqwa,” or awareness of God.

Why does Ramadan start on different dates every year?

Ramadan’s start date varies each year due to the Islamic lunar calendar, which is based on the sighting of the moon. Since this calendar is shorter than the solar calendar by about 11 days, Ramadan shifts earlier each year in the Gregorian calendar. Additionally, the beginning of Ramadan is determined by the sighting of the new moon, which can vary depending on geographical location and atmospheric conditions, leading to differences in start dates across regions.

Fasting hours around the world

Fasting hours during Ramadan vary significantly around the world due to differences in geographical location, latitude, and the time of year Ramadan falls. In regions closer to the equator, fasting hours tend to be shorter, while those closer to the poles experience longer fasting durations, often spanning 18 hours or more. For example, in cities like Reykjavik, Iceland, or Tromsø, Norway, fasting hours during summer months can extend to nearly 24 hours due to the phenomenon of midnight sun. Conversely, in equatorial regions such as Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, or Jakarta, Indonesia, fasting durations may be around 12 hours or less. Additionally, fasting hours may also be influenced by local customs and interpretations of Islamic law.

Cities that share the same iftar times

Cities that share the same iftar (breaking the fast) times during Ramadan are typically those located within the same longitudinal line or similar geographical regions. For example, cities that are relatively close to each other in terms of longitude or latitude may have similar iftar times due to the consistent duration of daylight hours.

However, it’s important to note that variations can still occur based on factors such as altitude, weather conditions, and individual interpretations of Islamic rulings regarding prayer and fasting times. Therefore, while cities in the same region may generally have similar iftar times, there may still be slight differences.

Which cities have the longest and shortest fasting hours?

The cities with the longest fasting hours during Ramadan are typically those located at high latitudes, especially near the poles, where the days are longest during the summer months. Some examples of cities with long fasting hours include:

  1. Reykjavik, Iceland: Due to its high latitude, Reykjavik experiences extremely long daylight hours during the summer months, resulting in extended fasting durations.
  2. Tromsø, Norway: Another city situated at a high latitude, Tromsø experiences prolonged daylight hours during the summer, leading to lengthy fasting periods.
  3. Murmansk, Russia: Located above the Arctic Circle, Murmansk experiences the phenomenon of the midnight sun during the summer, where the sun remains visible for 24 hours, resulting in very long fasting hours.

Conversely, cities near the equator tend to have shorter fasting hours due to more consistent day lengths throughout the year. Some examples of cities with relatively short fasting hours include:

  1. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Situated near the equator, Kuala Lumpur experiences relatively consistent day lengths year-round, resulting in shorter fasting durations during Ramadan.
  2. Jakarta, Indonesia: Another equatorial city, Jakarta also has relatively short fasting hours compared to cities at higher latitudes.
  3. Mecca, Saudi Arabia: Although Mecca is not exactly at the equator, its latitude is relatively close, resulting in shorter fasting hours compared to cities at higher latitudes.

It’s important to note that fasting hours may vary slightly each year due to factors such as the timing of Ramadan, which is based on the Islamic lunar calendar, and fluctuations in sunrise and sunset times.

Ramadan greetings in different languages

Here are Ramadan greetings in various languages:

  1. Arabic: رمضان كريم (Ramadan Kareem)
  2. Persian: ماه مبارک (Mah-e Mubarak)
  3. Turkish: Ramazanınız mübarek olsun
  4. Urdu: رمضان مبارک (Ramadan Mubarak)
  5. Bengali: রমজান মোবারক (Ramjan Mubarak)
  6. Indonesian: Selamat menjalankan ibadah puasa
  7. Malay: Selamat berpuasa
  8. Swahili: Ramadhani Njema
  9. French: Ramadan Mubarak
  10. Spanish: Ramadan Mubarak
  11. German: Ramadan Mubarak
  12. Russian: Рамадан Мубарак (Ramadan Mubarak)
  13. Chinese (Mandarin): 开斋节快乐 (Kāizhāi Jié Kuàilè)
  14. Hindi: रमज़ान मुबारक (Ramzan Mubarak)

These are just a few examples, and there may be variations in different regions and dialects.

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